Let's Study Japanese-Lesson5-Verb Forms plus the -TE and -TA forms - not as bad as French conjugations
A Japanese verb has a dictionary form, usually ending with -MASU.
Hanashimasu. I speak, I will speak. (present tense)
Hanashimash'ta. I spoke, I have spoken. (past tense)
Hanashimashoo. Let's speak, let's talk.
Hanashite imasu. I am speaking. (present progressive)
Hanashite imash'ta. I was speaking. (past progressive)
Hanashite kudasai. Please speak.
The negative form of a verb is made with VERB+SHIMASEN
Hanashimasen. I do not speak, I will not speak.
Hanashimasen desh'ta. I did not speak. (past negative)
Hanashimash'te imasen. I am not speaking. (present progressive negative)
Hanashimash'te imasen. I was not speaking.
The -te and -ta forms
As you may have noticed, the -TE form is a gerund form of a verb, while the
-TA form is the PAST TENSE form of a verb.