KORE WA HON DESU this is a book ARE WA NAN DESU KA what is that(over there)? ARE WA AKAI HON DESU that(over there) is a red book SORE WA EMPITSU DESU KA is that(there) a pencil? KORE WA as for this(nom case) HON DESU (it) is (a) book ARE WA as for that(over there) (nom case) NAN DESU KA what is (it)? AKAI red AKAI HON red book AKAI HON DESU (it) is (a) red book KA the japanese equivalent to a question mark SORE WA that(there) KONO (adj) this(requires a noun) SONO (adj) that(requires a noun) ANO (adj) that over there(requires a noun) notice the difference: KONO HON this book KONO AKAI HON this red book KORE WA AKAI HON DESU this is a red book SORE WA EMPITSU DEWA ARIMASEN that is not a pencil KORE WA KUROI EMPITSU DESU KA is this a black pencil? KONO EMPITSU WA as for this pen(nom case) KUROI DESU KA is it black? HAI yes IIE no HAI, KUROI DESU yes, it is black SONO HAKO WA AKAI HAKO DESU KA is that box a red box? IIE, SO DEWA ARIMASEN no, it is not. IIE, AKAI HAKO DEWA ARIMASEN no, it is not a red box KONO HON this book KONO KUROI HON WA as for this black book(nom case) KONO KUROI HON WA ZIBIKI DESU KA is this black book a dictionary? ZIBIKI dictionary HAKO box KUROI black AKAI red NEKO cat
the verb to BE or NOT to BE -is that the qestion?there is more than one way to say IS in Japanese. Compare: ENPITSU DESU. IT IS A PENCIL. ENPITSU GA ARIMASU. THERE IS A PENCIL. NYUU YOKU NI IMASU. HE IS IN NEW YORK. When you say one thing is equal to another(A = B), you use DESU. When you say something is located or situated in a place, use ARIMASU if it is inanimate, or IMASU if it is animate. ARIMASU and IMASU are ordinary verbs and are inflected just like any other verb. The negative of DESU is NOT at all like DESU: it is either JA ARIMASEN or DE WA ARIMASEN or DE ARIMASEN: SORE WA ENPITSU DESU. THAT IS A PENCIL(A equals B). SORE NI ENPITSU GA ARIMASU. THERE IS A PENCIL THERE. SORE NI KODOMO GA IMASU. THERE IS A CHILD THERE. SORE WA TABAKO DESU KA. IS THAT A CIGARETTE? TABAKO GA ARIMASU KA. IS THERE A CIGARETTE? YAMADA SAN SOKO NI IMASU KA. IS MR YAMADA THERE? SHIKAGO WA OOKI DESU. CHICAGO IS A BIG CITY. NOUN + NI(WA) to a...(noun) NOUN + GA ARIMASU there is a.../...has...(noun) inanimate objects NOUN + GA IMASU there is a.../...has...(noun) animate objects INU NI WA ASHI GA YON-HON ARIMASU to a dog, there are 4 feet(dogs have 4 feet) DO NOT mix ARIMASU with MOTTE IMASU MOTTE IMASU shows ownership and/or possession and translates as to have, as for example: WATAKUSHA WA NIHONGO ZIBIKI O MOTTE IMASU. I have a Japanese dictionary WATAKSHI NO HEYA NI WA TEREBI GA ARIMASU. To my room, there is a TV. I have a TV in my room.
well, this is all for lesson 6! see you in lesson 7 I hope!